Why Johnson cannot agree with Parliament on Brexit
Why Johnson cannot agree with Parliament on Brexit.Photo: . Pictures may be protected by copyright.
The plans of British Prime Minister Boris Johnson to implement Brexit at all costs – with or without agreement – are frustrated. The British parliament passed a law according to which London will have to ask for another postponement of withdrawal
The plans of British Prime Minister Boris Johnson to implement Brexit at all costs – with or without agreement – are frustrated. The British parliament passed a law according to which London will have to ask for another postponement of withdrawal from the European Union if it is not possible to agree on the terms of the deal until October 19. On September 9, this document was signed by Queen Elizabeth II. The last chance for an agreement on the deal will be the meeting of the European Council on October 18. If negotiations fail this time, Johnson will have to ask the European Union for a three-month extension of the “suspended” process – until January 31, 2020. Earlier, the Prime Minister tried his best to prevent such a development of events and bring Brexit to the finish line. In late August, the British government, led by Johnson, asked the queen to suspend parliament for more than a month – from September 9 to October 14. Elizabeth II approved this initiative. Personally, the queen can influence the country's exit from the EU only theoretically, there are almost no chances for this. Despite the fact that she has “sleeping” powers, their use is contrary to the customs and traditions of British politics. “The Queen will endorse any document that the Prime Minister and the government provide her. On her own, she can neither delay nor cancel Brexit, ”Nikolai Topornin, associate professor of the European Law Department of MGIMO, said in an interview with Gazeta.Ru. The role of the queen in this process is purely symbolic – the powers are in the hands of the government, which in fact plays the role of an “avatar” of royal power. True, the government cannot decide on its own the fate of Brexit. As Irina Ivanova, a researcher in the comparative law sector of the IGP RAS, writes in her article “Constitutional Grounds for the United Kingdom's Exit from the European Union,” the prerogative powers of the government, allowing it to bypass parliament, are limited in the field of international treaties, if this leads to changes in domestic law . Brexit falls into this category – a significant part of the UK legal system is based on a European base. To exit the EU, the government needs to obtain formal parliamentary consent in the form of a legislative act. With the current composition of the parliament, such a development of events is difficult to imagine – the deputies have a clear conflict with Johnson. Only extraordinary parliamentary elections can radically change the situation – they will show the attitude of the British towards Brexit. Now the position of the conservatives is stronger than that of the opposition, and having won, Johnson could push his script. When the inevitability of the law on the next postponement became apparent, Johnson twice tried to lobby the early elections, but both times failed. After the decision to suspend the parliament’s activities, the prime minister’s opponents accused him of trying to prevent deputies from participating in the discussion on the conditions for leaving the EU. Johnson rejected these claims. According to him, the prosecution – this is what the procedure of “turning off" the parliament is officially called – is necessary for the government to develop and present a new ambitious program, as well as to prepare the Queen’s throne speech on this occasion. According to Johnson, the parliament will have enough time to come to a consensus. Deputies will gather again for a meeting on October 14 – four days before the "last chance". However, immediately after the break, they will not be able to return to the discussion of Brexit – according to the established procedure, the parliament must first discuss the Queen's throne speech. Representatives of all parties should make speeches, so the discussion may be protracted – and time is running out. Taking into account all the errors, only 1-2 days will be left to reach agreement on leaving the EU. Despite this, the head of government retains symbolic confidence in success. “I really hope that we will come to a deal at this crucial summit (meeting of the European Council on October 18. -“ Gazeta.Ru ”),” Johnson quoted Sky News as saying. – We are working hard on this. I discussed this topic with our European friends. ” Prophecy in Britain was met with disapproval. The Scottish High Civil Court in its entirety declared it unlawful. According to the BBC, for this the prosecution had to go on a legal trick – since the queen was taken by the unquestioned queen, it was not her act that was challenged, but Johnson’s preliminary proposal. A government appeal will be heard in the British Supreme Court on Tuesday September 17th. The deposition was actively contested by the deputies themselves, who spoke out with spontaneous protests. The proximity of forced leave brought together parliamentarians, who, less than a week before September 9, were able to agree and enact a bill to effectively ban the “hard” Brexit, thus effectively devaluing Johnson’s victorious demarche against Parliament. Under these conditions, preparations for the “Euro-divorce” fell into suspended animation until mid-October, which, in the face of continuing uncertainty, makes people ask questions about alternative ways of formalizing the country's exit from the EU. For example, about whether the EU itself can influence the situation. “The European Court of Justice in Luxembourg ruled that Britain will remain a state of the European Union until it withdraws from it and until the governing European bodies receive notice of this. The EU itself cannot and will not expel anyone, ” – clarifies the state of affairs Nikolai Topornin. The main European stakeholder is Ireland. Exit without a deal will again draw the border between the main and northern parts of the island (Northern Ireland is part of the UK), hindering economic relations and the situation at customs, as well as exacerbating a number of tough local conflicts. Ireland must give its consent. For this, the so-called backstop mechanism – “fuse” – should be prescribed in its Brexit conditions. It can for some time retain Northern Ireland as part of the single EU market, thus removing most of the border issues. The problem is that such a move would give Northern Ireland a special status within Great Britain itself. This is fraught with legal inconsistencies and political “failures” already within the country, in which the British have no interest. Around the attempt to put the Irish question on this "guard" and concentrated most of the British-European conflicts under the terms of Brexit. Ireland – and thus the EU – stands on one thing, the position of Great Britain is almost the opposite. Article 50 of the Lisbon Treaty, which regulates the exit of member states from the EU, limits the time of the procedure to two years from the moment of official notification that the country intends to leave the European Union. However, the European Council, the EU’s highest body, can extend this period if necessary. The exit procedure in this law is spelled out only in general terms, all the more narrowing the corridor of the EU’s ability to influence the situation. The EU’s role here is mainly negotiation, it can only discuss the terms of exit with Great Britain and ultimately give or not give its consent. The European leadership sends signals that it will not force the situation and is interested in the most mild exit scenario. The reason for this position is the desire of the EU to compensate and reduce financial and political damage. “On the issue of deferment, we are open to a possible deferment if this is something that is being done to avoid Brexit without a deal,” RIA Novosti quoted the head of European Parliament David Sassoli. . (tagsToTranslate) ñ í (t) (t) (t) à II (t) é ò (t) Î (t) Sky News (t) À è (t) (t) é (t) à à (t) ä è